Norfolk County has a variety of flora, owing to the fact that it has a diversity of unique habitats and ecosystems. 

These include long stretches of beach, undisturbed sand dunes, grassy ridges, wet meadows, woodlands, marshes, ponds, coldwater streams and the shallow Inner Bay of Long Point. The Turkey Point and Long Point marshes are significant wetland areas that provide a refuge and stopover point for migrating birds in the spring and fall.

Norfolk County is located in the Carolinian forest zone, which has a variety of plant life. This forest zone extends north from the United States into southern Ontario. There is very little remaining of this forest zone in southern Ontario, as much deforestation has taken place over the years. The forests here contain mostly hardwood species, including sugar maple, American beech, basswood, red ash, white oak, and butternut. The tree species that make this forest more diverse and special include sweet gum, tulip tree, cucumber tree, American sycamore, pawpaw, Kentucky coffee-tree, honey-locust, black tupelo, blue ash, sassafras, pignut hickory, shellbark hickory, black oak, pumpkin ash, Ohio buckeye, pin oak, black walnut and red mulberry. Many of these tree species are considered to be rare in Ontario, but this does not take into account their presence in the United States as the Carolinian zone extends southward into the US. 

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